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Briefing - Upholding human rights in Europe during the pandemic - 23-09-2020

The severe coronavirus outbreak has forced governments across the world to resort to drastic measures in order to slow down the spread of the virus and prevent a public health crisis. As elsewhere, these emergency measures taken in Europe have affected all as
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

Briefing - Upholding human rights in Europe during the pandemic - 23-09-2020

The severe coronavirus outbreak has forced governments across the world to resort to drastic measures in order to slow down the spread of the virus and prevent a public health crisis. As elsewhere, these emergency measures taken in Europe have affected all aspects of societal life and profoundly impacted people's personal freedoms and individual rights, as enshrined in the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). Although certain human rights can be suspended in situations of emergency, human rights conventions, such as the ECHR, continue to apply even then. In fact, many human rights instruments provide for such situations and contain dedicated 'emergency clauses' that give governments additional flexibility to address crises. Indeed, within the ECHR framework, Article 15 is one such clause that allows Council of Europe (CoE) member states to temporarily diverge from their ordinary convention obligations to resolve an emergency, provided certain conditions are met. During the coronavirus pandemic, derogation clauses such as Article 15 of the ECHR, have gained particular importance, as so far 10 CoE member states have notified their intention to derogate from certain ECHR provisions in order to tackle the outbreak. This briefing explains the functioning of Article of the 15 ECHR and its application to the current health emergency. Furthermore, it lists some fundamental rights and freedoms that have been affected by the coronavirus emergency measures, while also showcasing how Member States have sought to reconcile measures to protect public health with the fundamental rights principles enshrined in the ordinary framework of the ECHR. The briefing also stresses that it is key to protect the human rights of vulnerable persons, including during the implementation of recovery strategies. Source : © European Union, 2020 - EP

At a Glance - The need for solidarity in EU asylum policy - 23-09-2020

In early September 2020, a fire in the over-crowded migrant camp of Moria in Greece pushed thousands of people onto the streets, exacerbating the already dire conditions faced by asylum-seekers and migrants. The incident also shows the need to find a solutio
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

At a Glance - The need for solidarity in EU asylum policy - 23-09-2020

In early September 2020, a fire in the over-crowded migrant camp of Moria in Greece pushed thousands of people onto the streets, exacerbating the already dire conditions faced by asylum-seekers and migrants. The incident also shows the need to find a solution to a crisis of solidarity in EU asylum policy that has remained unresolved since the unprecedented influx of migrants into the EU in 2015. The European Commission presented a new Pact on Asylum and Migration on 23 September 2020. In that, it puts forward a compromise on solidarity and fair sharing of responsibility for asylum-seekers among EU Member States. Source : © European Union, 2020 - EP

Briefing - European Day of Languages: Digital survival of lesser-used languages - 23-09-2020

Since 2001, Europe has marked European Day of Languages each year on 26 September, in order to focus attention on its rich linguistic diversity. The European Union boasts 24 official languages, and around 60 regional and minority languages are spoken across t
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

Briefing - European Day of Languages: Digital survival of lesser-used languages - 23-09-2020

Since 2001, Europe has marked European Day of Languages each year on 26 September, in order to focus attention on its rich linguistic diversity. The European Union boasts 24 official languages, and around 60 regional and minority languages are spoken across the Member States. Europe's linguistic mosaic also includes a variety of sign languages spoken by half a million people, heritage languages such as ancient Greek and Latin, as well as Esperanto – a planned international language created in Europe. According to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco), many world languages, including European ones, are endangered and could disappear due to the dominant role of languages such as English with a huge population of native speakers and other learners. Regional and minority languages (RMLs) together with smaller state languages – the 'lesser-used languages' – are under serious threat of extinction. This threat is exacerbated by digital technology. The future of RMLs depends to some extent on their presence in new digital media. Young people communicate and seek information mainly via the internet. If online content is only available in dominant languages, lesser-used languages could become 'digitally extinct'. However, digital technology is not necessarily a death sentence; it can also offer a rescue kit. Online education, online language learning and language technologies can help revitalise endangered languages. To achieve this objective, huge efforts are needed by speakers' communities and language technology specialists to gather data, analyse and process it, in order to create language tools. With such tools, young people can create content in lesser-used languages and expand their use. Source : © European Union, 2020 - EP

Briefing - The evolving consequences of the coronavirus 'infodemic': How viral false coronavirus-related information affects people and societies across the world - 23-09-2020

Massive waves of information, including extensive amounts of false information have accompanied the coronavirus pandemic. False information is being spread by a number of different actors for various reasons. Deliberately deceptive (geo-)political disinformat
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

Briefing - The evolving consequences of the coronavirus 'infodemic': How viral false coronavirus-related information affects people and societies across the world - 23-09-2020

Massive waves of information, including extensive amounts of false information have accompanied the coronavirus pandemic. False information is being spread by a number of different actors for various reasons. Deliberately deceptive (geo-)political disinformation campaigns to undermine democracies – including the European Union (EU) – have been spread by authoritarian state actors and their proxies. Extremist groups have exploited the situation to spread their messaging. Others have propagated misleading information for financial gain. At the same time, a combination of widespread anxiety as well as increased use of social media during lockdowns in many countries have provide fertile ground for 'organic' false information and conspiracy theories by individual users who do not intentionally want to deceive anyone, but inadvertently become part of the problem by spreading and/or amplifying misleading messages. The repercussions of the 'infodemic' are still evolving, but have impacted the ability of authorities to effectively deal with the pandemic, with the infodemic is aggravating the spread of the virus itself. Different regions of the world have been challenged by a variety of types of false information and both general and region-specific narratives – many of which have impacted public health, the economy, geopolitics and societal stability. Source : © European Union, 2020 - EP

Briefing - Understanding the financing of intergovernmental organisations: A snapshot of the budgets of the UN, NATO and WTO - 23-09-2020

Access to stable and adequate financial resources is a crucial condition for the realisation of the global goals of intergovernmental organisations (IGOs). In recent decades, alongside global political changes and the evolution in the role of multilateral coo
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

Briefing - Understanding the financing of intergovernmental organisations: A snapshot of the budgets of the UN, NATO and WTO - 23-09-2020

Access to stable and adequate financial resources is a crucial condition for the realisation of the global goals of intergovernmental organisations (IGOs). In recent decades, alongside global political changes and the evolution in the role of multilateral cooperation, the resourcing and budgetary management of IGOs have also changed. Moreover, funding available to IGOs has become ever more diversified and complex both in terms of its origin and type. This briefing presents selected aspects of the financing of three of the world's largest IGOs: the United Nations (UN), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). It presents the size and evolution of their budgets as well as the main contributing countries to these budgets, with a particular focus on the EU Member States. The analysis is based mainly on budgetary data for the financial year 2018. Source : © European Union, 2020 - EP

Election live updates: Romney backs voting this year on Trump nominee to replace Ginsburg

Meanwhile, Trump is headed to Pennsylvania, while Democratic nominee Joe Biden is dispatching his running mate, Kamala D. Harris, to Michigan, while he holds fundraisers.
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Election live updates: Romney backs voting this year on Trump nominee to replace Ginsburg

Meanwhile, Trump is headed to Pennsylvania, while Democratic nominee Joe Biden is dispatching his running mate, Kamala D. Harris, to Michigan, while he holds fundraisers.

Trump appears to secure a Senate majority for his Supreme Court pick, even before naming one

Judge Amy Coney Barrett is the front-runner to be nominated to fill the vacancy left by the death of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg. But some of President Trump’s allies continue to push Barbara Lagoa, a federal appeals judge, who Trump may meet with this week
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Trump appears to secure a Senate majority for his Supreme Court pick, even before naming one

Judge Amy Coney Barrett is the front-runner to be nominated to fill the vacancy left by the death of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg. But some of President Trump’s allies continue to push Barbara Lagoa, a federal appeals judge, who Trump may meet with this week.

Study - The ECB's Asset Purchase Programmes: Experience and Future Perspectives - 18-09-2020

In response to the unprecedented shock brought by the COVID-19 pandemic, the European Central Bank (ECB) has deployed a massive package of monetary policy stimulus to safeguard the monetary policy transmission mechanism and keep the euro area economy afloat.
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

Study - The ECB's Asset Purchase Programmes: Experience and Future Perspectives - 18-09-2020

In response to the unprecedented shock brought by the COVID-19 pandemic, the European Central Bank (ECB) has deployed a massive package of monetary policy stimulus to safeguard the monetary policy transmission mechanism and keep the euro area economy afloat. As part of this package, the ECB has stepped up its asset purchases, including with the introduction of the new pandemic emergency purchase programme (PEPP) with an envelope of EUR 1.35 trillion by June 2021. Over the years, the impact and the side effects of the non-standard asset purchase programmes have been widely debated. Should they remain as part of the ECB’s toolkit in the future, considering that inflation is expected to stay low and that interest rates are in negative territory? Six papers were prepared for the ECON Committee by the Monetary Expert Panel, presenting empirical evidence and discussing future perspectives of the ECB’s asset purchase programmes. This publication is prepared by Policy Department for Economic, Scientific and Quality of Life Policies for the Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs (ECON), ahead of the Monetary Dialogue with ECB President Lagarde on 28 September 2020. Source : © European Union, 2020 - EP

In-Depth Analysis - Research for CULT Committee - Shaping digital education policy Concomitant expertise for INI report - 15-09-2020

This research project assesses the Digital Education Action Plan published in 2018 in terms of organisational and content-related challenges. It outlines concrete recommendations on how an updated Digital Education Action Plan could mitigate the weaknesses o
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

In-Depth Analysis - Research for CULT Committee - Shaping digital education policy Concomitant expertise for INI report - 15-09-2020

This research project assesses the Digital Education Action Plan published in 2018 in terms of organisational and content-related challenges. It outlines concrete recommendations on how an updated Digital Education Action Plan could mitigate the weaknesses of the current plan, through a more holistic vision of the digital transformation in education, a focus on quality infrastructure for digital education for all, the further empowerment of educators and the further development of ‘whole-school’ approaches to digital education. Source : © European Union, 2020 - EP

Briefing - Shaping a European Child Guarantee - 14-08-2020

The briefing presents data on the problem of child poverty in the European Union followed by an overview of policy initiatives by the Commission, the Council and the European Palriament. It concludes with points from the debate in research on how to shape an
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

Briefing - Shaping a European Child Guarantee - 14-08-2020

The briefing presents data on the problem of child poverty in the European Union followed by an overview of policy initiatives by the Commission, the Council and the European Palriament. It concludes with points from the debate in research on how to shape an effective Child Guarantee. The note covers aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic. Source : © European Union, 2020 - EP

Briefing - Foreign interference in democracies: Understanding the threat, and evolving responses - 22-09-2020

Across the world, democratic societies, institutions, processes and values are under increasing external and internal attack. The coronavirus crisis has, meanwhile, exacerbated the systemic struggle between democracy and authoritarianism, prompting authoritar
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

Briefing - Foreign interference in democracies: Understanding the threat, and evolving responses - 22-09-2020

Across the world, democratic societies, institutions, processes and values are under increasing external and internal attack. The coronavirus crisis has, meanwhile, exacerbated the systemic struggle between democracy and authoritarianism, prompting authoritarian state and non-state actors to deploy a broad range of overt and covert instruments in their bid to destabilise their democratic counterparts. Against this backdrop, and following a string of examples of hostile meddling by authoritarian actors to undermine democratic governing processes in countries such as Ukraine, the United Kingdom, the United States (US), Canada and Australia, the focus on foreign interference continues to sharpen. Among the EU's institutions, the European Parliament − arguably the flagship of European democracy − is pushing the policy response to foreign interference to the top of the political agenda. Among other initiatives and actions, in October 2019 it passed a resolution on countering foreign interference and has set up a special committee on foreign interference, whose constituent meeting is scheduled to take place in September 2020. Source : © European Union, 2020 - EP

In-Depth Analysis - European Union involvement in the United Nations system: Broad partnership based on shared commitment to multilateralism - 22-09-2020

Over the years, the EU has become a key player in the United Nations system. The UN remains an organisation of sovereign states, and this is reflected in the functioning of its bodies, agencies and programmes. The EU enjoys observer status in many of these an
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

In-Depth Analysis - European Union involvement in the United Nations system: Broad partnership based on shared commitment to multilateralism - 22-09-2020

Over the years, the EU has become a key player in the United Nations system. The UN remains an organisation of sovereign states, and this is reflected in the functioning of its bodies, agencies and programmes. The EU enjoys observer status in many of these and is the only international organisation to have secured enhanced observer status in the UN General Assembly. The EU leverages its influence through its significant financial contribution to the UN system, through its enhanced partnerships with various entities within the UN system, and through close coordination with its Member States on positions to be defended in the organisation. Source : © European Union, 2020 - EP

Threats and invective hurled at local health director who sought to postpone President Trump’s rally in Tulsa, emails show

Other communities are likely to face similar political pressure as Trump restarts campaign rallies.
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Threats and invective hurled at local health director who sought to postpone President Trump’s rally in Tulsa, emails show

Other communities are likely to face similar political pressure as Trump restarts campaign rallies.

Election 2020 live updates: Trump, Biden head to battleground states as court drama plays out in Washington

Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg will lie in repose at the Supreme Court on Wednesday and Thursday and lie in state Friday at the Capitol. Ginsburg will be the first woman to lie in state at the Capitol.
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Election 2020 live updates: Trump, Biden head to battleground states as court drama plays out in Washington

Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg will lie in repose at the Supreme Court on Wednesday and Thursday and lie in state Friday at the Capitol. Ginsburg will be the first woman to lie in state at the Capitol.

Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s death brings new uncertainty to the battle over voting rights in 2020

The vacancy left by the Supreme Court justice comes at a critical point in a campaign already defined by hundreds of lawsuits over voting rules.
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Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s death brings new uncertainty to the battle over voting rights in 2020

The vacancy left by the Supreme Court justice comes at a critical point in a campaign already defined by hundreds of lawsuits over voting rules.

In-Depth Analysis - Disruption by technology: Impacts on politics, economics and society - 21-09-2020

Technological development has long been considered as a disruptive force, provoking change at many levels, from the routine daily activities of individuals to dramatic competition between global superpowers. This analysis examines disruption caused by technol
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

In-Depth Analysis - Disruption by technology: Impacts on politics, economics and society - 21-09-2020

Technological development has long been considered as a disruptive force, provoking change at many levels, from the routine daily activities of individuals to dramatic competition between global superpowers. This analysis examines disruption caused by technologies in a series of key areas of politics, economics and society. It focuses on seven fields: the economic system, the military and defence, democratic debates and the 'infosphere', social norms, values and identities, international relations, and the legal and regulatory system. It also presents surveillance as an example of how technological disruption across these domains can converge to propel other phenomena. The key disruptive force of 2020 is non-technological, namely coronavirus. The pandemic is used here as an opportunity to examine how technological disruption interacts with other forms of disruption. Source : © European Union, 2020 - EP

At a Glance - A European week of sport... like no other - 21-09-2020

This year, the sixth round of the European Week of Sport (23-30 September) will kick off in unusual circumstances. The lockdown measures put in place to curb the coronavirus pandemic have made the initiative more necessary than ever. Source : © European
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

At a Glance - A European week of sport... like no other - 21-09-2020

This year, the sixth round of the European Week of Sport (23-30 September) will kick off in unusual circumstances. The lockdown measures put in place to curb the coronavirus pandemic have made the initiative more necessary than ever. Source : © European Union, 2020 - EP

Briefing - Outlook for the special European Council meeting of 24-25 September 2020 - 21-09-2020

At the special European Council on 24-25 September 2020, EU Heads of State or Government are expected to dedicate much of their time to external relations issues, notably to a strategic discussion on Turkey and a debate on relations with China. Continuing ill
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

Briefing - Outlook for the special European Council meeting of 24-25 September 2020 - 21-09-2020

At the special European Council on 24-25 September 2020, EU Heads of State or Government are expected to dedicate much of their time to external relations issues, notably to a strategic discussion on Turkey and a debate on relations with China. Continuing illegal Turkish drilling activities in the eastern Mediterranean have made the former more urgent, while the latter is long overdue. The European Council is also likely to adopt extensive conclusions regarding the single market, industrial and digital policy, reiterating the key objective of achieving strategic autonomy, whilst maintaining an open economy. EU leaders are expected to call for development of EU autonomy in the space sector, a more integrated defence industrial base, and for the presentation of a 'digital compass' setting out the EU's digital ambitions for 2030 in its move towards digital sovereignty. The European Council is also likely to seek development of new industrial alliances and the removal of remaining unjustified barriers, particularly in services. EU leaders will also take stock of the coronavirus situation and review the coordination of national and European measures. Source : © European Union, 2020 - EP

At a Glance - The poisoning of Alexey Navalny - 21-09-2020

EU-Russia relations hit a new low in August 2020, after Alexey Navalny, one of Russia's leading opposition activists, was poisoned by a banned nerve agent. Although the perpetrators have not yet been identified, the attack has to be seen in the context of rep
Documents - Think Tank - European Parliament

At a Glance - The poisoning of Alexey Navalny - 21-09-2020

EU-Russia relations hit a new low in August 2020, after Alexey Navalny, one of Russia's leading opposition activists, was poisoned by a banned nerve agent. Although the perpetrators have not yet been identified, the attack has to be seen in the context of repression and growing discontent against Putin. In response to this clear breach of international law and human rights, the EU is considering additional sanctions against Moscow. Source : © European Union, 2020 - EP

Barbara Lagoa, Cuban American judge, rises on Trump’s Supreme Court list as allies emphasize Florida campaign edge

The Cuban American federal judge is described by her backers as a staunch conservative who could energize support for the president among Hispanic voters.
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Barbara Lagoa, Cuban American judge, rises on Trump’s Supreme Court list as allies emphasize Florida campaign edge

The Cuban American federal judge is described by her backers as a staunch conservative who could energize support for the president among Hispanic voters.

Trump brags to Woodward that he has ‘broken every record’ on appointing judges

The president’s repeated remarks underscored his focus on the issue, which now takes center stage after the death of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.
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Trump brags to Woodward that he has ‘broken every record’ on appointing judges

The president’s repeated remarks underscored his focus on the issue, which now takes center stage after the death of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.

The Trailer: The four political states of Arizona

In this edition: The political geography of Arizona, the stakes and politics of the Supreme Court fight, and polls that give some clues to an unprecedented election event.
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The Trailer: The four political states of Arizona

In this edition: The political geography of Arizona, the stakes and politics of the Supreme Court fight, and polls that give some clues to an unprecedented election event.

Live updates: Sen. Lisa Murkowski says she doesn’t support filling Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s seat before the election

Trump could unveil his pick ahead of the Sept. 29 debate with Joe Biden in Cleveland, Ohio.
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Live updates: Sen. Lisa Murkowski says she doesn’t support filling Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s seat before the election

Trump could unveil his pick ahead of the Sept. 29 debate with Joe Biden in Cleveland, Ohio.

Who is Amy Coney Barrett, the judge at the top of Trump’s list to replace Ruth Bader Ginsburg?

Amy Coney Barrett tops President Trump’s list to replace Ruth Bader Ginsburg on the Supreme Court. The 48-year-old is a devout Catholic who is fervently antiabortion in the mold of the late Antonin Scalia. Her name was floated in 2018 to replace Anthony M.
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Who is Amy Coney Barrett, the judge at the top of Trump’s list to replace Ruth Bader Ginsburg?

Amy Coney Barrett tops President Trump’s list to replace Ruth Bader Ginsburg on the Supreme Court. The 48-year-old is a devout Catholic who is fervently antiabortion in the mold of the late Antonin Scalia. Her name was floated in 2018 to replace Anthony M. Kennedy.

McConnell vows Trump’s Supreme Court nominee will get a Senate vote

The Senate leader, who blocked former president Barack Obama’s nominee for much of 2016, is pressing ahead within weeks of the Nov. 3 election.
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McConnell vows Trump’s Supreme Court nominee will get a Senate vote

The Senate leader, who blocked former president Barack Obama’s nominee for much of 2016, is pressing ahead within weeks of the Nov. 3 election.

Trump, Clinton and Obama respond to Ginsburg’s death as political fight looms

The death of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg sent shock waves through the country Friday night, igniting debate about the future of the high court.
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Trump, Clinton and Obama respond to Ginsburg’s death as political fight looms

The death of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg sent shock waves through the country Friday night, igniting debate about the future of the high court.

Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Supreme Court justice and legal pioneer for gender equality, dies at 87

She rose to the top of her class at Columbia Law School in the 1950s, helped battle gender discrimination as an ACLU lawyer and, in 1993, became the second woman on the high court.
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Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Supreme Court justice and legal pioneer for gender equality, dies at 87

She rose to the top of her class at Columbia Law School in the 1950s, helped battle gender discrimination as an ACLU lawyer and, in 1993, became the second woman on the high court.

Ginsburg’s death expected to set off political feud over her replacement

The 87-year-old dictated a statement to her granddaughter in recent days saying, “My most fervent wish is that I will not be replaced until a new president is installed.”
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Ginsburg’s death expected to set off political feud over her replacement

The 87-year-old dictated a statement to her granddaughter in recent days saying, “My most fervent wish is that I will not be replaced until a new president is installed.”

McConnell says Trump’s court pick will get Senate vote despite Ginsburg’s dying wish

The death of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg sent shock waves through the country Friday night, igniting debate about the future of the high court.
Post Politics

McConnell says Trump’s court pick will get Senate vote despite Ginsburg’s dying wish

The death of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg sent shock waves through the country Friday night, igniting debate about the future of the high court.

Long lines and hand sanitizer on the first day of early voting for general election

Many voters said they were unlikely to change their minds before Election Day and eager for their votes to count.
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Long lines and hand sanitizer on the first day of early voting for general election

Many voters said they were unlikely to change their minds before Election Day and eager for their votes to count.

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